top of page

Revolutionizing Wastewater Treatment with Containerized Zero Liquid Discharge Plants

Containerized Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) wastewater treatment plants are changing the way factories and municipalities manage their wastewater.

Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) refers to a treatment process in which the plant discharges no liquid effluent into surface waters, in effect completely eliminating the environmental pollution associated with treatment.

These systems combine vacuum evaporators and membrane filtration technologies and offer a compact, efficient, and sustainable solution to the growing challenges of water pollution and resource management.

Containerized Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) wastewater treatment plants article banner
Containerized Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Wastewater Treatment Plants

Article Outiline



Understanding Containerized Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Systems

Zero Liquid Discharge Definition and Concept

Zero Liquid Discharge refers to a wastewater treatment approach where all water is purified and recycled, leaving zero liquid waste. The Containerized Zero Liquid Discharge concept involves the use of compact, modular containers equipped with advanced treatment technologies, such as evaporators, crystallizers, and membrane filtration equipment.

Components of ZLD Systems

Containerized ZLD systems typically include pre-treatment units, membranes for filtration, evaporators, crystallizers, and a brine management system. These components work in tandem to ensure effective removal of contaminants and achieve zero liquid discharge.

In the example below we can see a MVR evaporator working with UF and RO membrane equipment to reach the Zero Liquid Discharge of the factory production line.

MVR Evaporator in a Factory Zero Liquid Discharge Systems
EVADEST MVR Evaporator for Zero Liquid Discharge Systems

Advantages of Containerization in Wastewater Treatment

The containerized approach brings benefits such as ease of transportation, quick installation, and scalability. It allows for a modular design, making it suitable for various industries and applications.

It also allows for easier installation and shipment all around the world thanks to its standardized dimensions.

Key Features of Containerized Zero Liquid Discharge Plants

Compact Design

The compact design of Containerized ZLD plants is a game-changer, especially for industries with limited space. These systems can be installed in confined areas without compromising on efficiency. Also, the integration of different technologies in an enclosed space make it easier to monitor and supervise.

Scalability and Flexibility

Containerized plants are highly scalable, allowing businesses to expand their wastewater treatment capacity as needed. The flexibility of these systems ensures they can adapt to changing requirements in system capacity.

Remote Operation and Monitoring Capabilities

ZLD systems such as the one developed by our company incorporate advanced technologies for remote operation and monitoring. This not only enhances operational efficiency but also reduces the need for on-site personnel.

Here below a video that shows a typical ZLD system installed in a container:


Reduction in Water Pollution & Savings for Industrial Operations

By achieving zero liquid discharge, these systems significantly contribute to reducing water pollution and cutting discharge and disposal costs for the end user. They prevent the release of harmful contaminants into water bodies, safeguarding the environment, while at the same time they reduce the wastewater discharge volumes of any factory.

Energy Efficiency and Sustainability

Zero Liquid Discharge plants equipped with evaporators and membrane filtration are designed with energy efficiency in mind. The incorporation of sustainable practices, such as the use of MVR evaporator and RO energy recovery devices further enhances their environmental sustainability of such solution.

Containerized ZLD Plant for Compliance with Environmental Regulations

Containerized ZLD systems reduce the environmental footprint of factories. Meeting and exceeding environmental regulations are a critical aspect of wastewater treatment. Containerized ZLD systems ensure compliance with stringent standards, helping industries avoid legal complications.

Applications of Containerized Zero Liquid Discharge

Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Industries with diverse wastewater streams, such as petrochemical, pharmaceutical, and food processing, find CZLD systems particularly beneficial. These systems efficiently treat complex industrial effluents.

Water Recovery from Brines

The main, better known, and commercially extended ZLD system is based on evaporation-crystallization technologies combining both techniques to produce a solid residue from a liquid stream.

This technology is used traditionally for different applications such as the reduction of volumes in different effluents; brines from membrane technologies, purges from cooling systems and refrigeration circuits, manufacturing process of pickles, waste gas cleaning in power stations, coal or steel industry, wastes from metallurgical processes, leachates, and other effluents difficult to treat by conventional processes.


How Containerized Zero Liquid Discharge Differs from Traditional Wastewater Treatment

Size and Footprint

Traditional wastewater treatment plants often require large areas for construction. Containerized ZLD systems, with their compact design, significantly reduce the space needed, making them suitable for both urban and remote locations.

Installation Time and Ease

The modular nature of Containerized ZLD allows for quicker installation compared to traditional plants. This results in shorter downtime for industries during the implementation phase.


While the initial investment in CZLD systems may seem substantial, the long-term cost savings, coupled with their efficiency, make them a cost-effective choice for many businesses. A typical unit can recover between 90~95% of the water from the feed source, cutting disposal costs significantly.

ZLD System Cost Savings Over Time

While the initial investment in a containerized ZLD may be higher, the long-term cost savings, including reduced water consumption and potential revenue from recycled by-products, contribute to a favorable return on investment. Depending on the country, factories may save thousands of dollars per day in disposal costs.


Challenges and Solutions in Containerized ZLD Plant Implementation

Technical Challenges

The implementation of containerized ZLD systems may pose technical challenges, such as the need for specialized knowledge. It requires careful and thorough planning to address these issues.

Furthermore, the size constraint of the container pose challenges in terms of design and technical specifications.

Maintenance and Operational Challenges

Regular maintenance is crucial for the smooth operation of Containerized ZLD systems. Developing a comprehensive maintenance plan and training personnel adequately can address operational challenges.

Considerations for Choosing Containerized ZLD System for Your Facility

Factors to Consider Before Implementation

Before choosing a ZLD system for a facility, factors such as the type of wastewater, space availability, and regulatory requirements should be thoroughly assessed. Many are the requirements that need to be met, thus consulting with experts can aid in making informed decisions. You can reach out with our team at any time if you have any questions:

Customization Options and Tailored ZLD Solutions

Containerized systems offer customization options to meet specific needs. Understanding the level of customization available and tailoring the system to the unique requirements of the facility is essential. Based on the treatment goals, the system can be adjusted and customized to reach the best possible results.




In conclusion, Containerized Zero Liquid Discharge wastewater treatment plants represent a transformative solution for industries seeking efficient and sustainable wastewater management.

The compact design, scalability, environmental benefits, and cost savings make Containerized Zero Liquid Discharge plants a compelling choice for businesses aiming to meet stringent regulatory standards while contributing to a greener future.


YASA ET can help you with designing and manufacturing custom made ZLD systems
Get in touch with our team for more info.


FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is Containerized Zero Liquid Discharge (CZLD)?

Containerized Zero Liquid Discharge is an innovative wastewater treatment approach that ensures all water is purified and recycled, leaving zero liquid waste.

2. How does Containerized Zero Liquid Discharge differ from traditional wastewater treatment methods?

CZLD systems have a smaller footprint, quicker installation, and are often more cost-effective than traditional wastewater treatment plants.

3. What are the key features of Containerized ZLD plants?

CZLD plants boast a compact design, scalability, and remote operation capabilities, making them versatile and efficient.

Are there challenges in implementing ZLD systems?

Technical challenges, regulatory compliance, and maintenance issues may arise, but proper planning and expertise can address them.

How can I get more information about Containerized Zero Liquid Discharge systems?

More information about containerized wastewater treatment plants can be found on our website: 


For more information about our containerized ZLD systems you can get in touch with us at:


🌐 (中文)

📱 +86 136 3643 1077

YASA ET official online store > click here


Get In Touch

How Can We Help?

Get in touch with us for a free consultation.

bottom of page